Civil War Set: III

Richmond defenses

030421-6-5-Ft-Brady-PRN30I

thmb-030421-6-5-VA-Ft-Brady

Fort Brady, shown here in Infrared, was one of a string of forts surrounding Richmond to protect it from attacks by Union forces. No attacks actually got to Richmond, although a couple of days after the cessation of hostilities, Lincoln went to Richmond to sit in Jefferson Davis’ chair.

For additional art, click on Collections buttons for dropdown menus

971010-10HAFE-River-Cross-CWmem

Sandy Hook: Fording the Potomac

thmb-971010-10HAFE-River-Cross

/p>

At this spot the Potomac is extremely shallow during most of the year, so many travelers and others before about 1940 used the fords to cross the river. During the Civil War, the area was a great route for smugglers, troops crossing into unfriendly territory, of for slaves seeking freedom in the North.
The Chesapeake & Ohio Canal was built on the eastern side of the river, flanked by the railroad. Today, only the towpath remains, as the canal has been destroyed by flooding from hurricanes.
For additional art, click on Collections buttons for drop-down menus

040331-3-3n-WV-Harpers-Fy-RR-bridgeCWmem

Harper’s Ferry Transport Confluence

thmb-040331-3-3n-WV-Harpers-Fy-RR-bridge

At this site the primary methods of transportation come together. In the immediate foreground we have the C&O Canal heading west to Cumberland and beyond, the railroad splitting to head north and west, and behind it, the Shenandoah joining the Potomac River.
The city was the site of John Brown’s Raid in 1859 and Lee’s capture of the Federal Armory and 12,000 troops during the 1860’s. Harper’s Ferry was a lynch-pin in the Federal advance into the West, as it hosted both a canal and a railroad. Both are shown here on the eastern side of Harper’s Ferry. The surviving railroad has proven to be the greatest tool in the expansion into America’s West.
For additional art, click on Collections buttons for dropdown menus

030516-4-6-VA-Glendale-NC-CWmem

Frayser’s Farm

thmb-030516-4-6-VA-Glendale-NC

The Battle of Frayser’s Farm near Richmond was the sixth of the Seven Days’ Battles between US Gen McClellan and CS Gen Lee and involved many units from both armies as McClellan tried unsuccessfully to capture Richmond (again). Today the farm is the Glendale National Cemetery and while it sounds nice, I’m sure the locals would rather have a Confederate Cemetery where they could lie in honor rather than a US National Cemetery.
For additional art, click on Collections buttons for dropdown menus

050210-5-2-PETE-City-Point-pier-CWmem

James River Roads

thmb-050210-5-2-PETE-City-Point-pier

Appomattox & James Rivers Roads, site of US Army Quartermaster Corps docks and stores of cannon, muskets, ammunition, and various supplies for the siege of Petersburg, were stocked here during the 10-month siege.
Nearby was the battlefront home of US General Grant, which after the War was disassembled and taken to show to the public at the Chicago World’s Fair in 1893.
For additional art, click on Collections buttons for drop-down menus

030318-10-6-VA-RICH-Gettys-Dd-CWMem

Gettysburg Dead, Richmond

thmb-030318-10-6-VA-rich-Gettys-Dd

Also in the 9-mile long wagon train after Lee’s defeat at Gettysburg, were scores of wounded Confederates with injuries not severe enough to kill them, but severe enough to require a journey home to Richmond. Richmond’s Hospital Number One, is said to have taken in hundreds or thousands of injured Union and Confederate soldiers. Their fate is not known.
For additional art, click on Collections buttons for dropdown menus

030318-8-1-VA-McLean-steps-CWmem

McLean House

thmb-030318-8-1-va-mclean-steps

The McLean house at Appomattox is where CS Gen Lee surrendered his remaining troops to Gen US Grant on April 9, 1865. The two generals met, signed a few documents, and then Gen Grant graciously gave the Confederate troops the freedom to take their weapons home if they promised to not take up arms against the United States.
For additional art, click on Collections buttons for drop-down menus

030318-1-2-Appomattox-fence-CWmem

Road to Appomattox

thmb-030318-1-2-appomattox-fence

The road the Confederate troops took to the surrender point at McLean House took them along this route and past the house where CS Gen. Lee surrendered to US Gen. Grant on April 9, 1865. Although many believe it is the last surrender, the later surrender of CS General Johnston to US General Sherman was far more important. Lee’s surrender at Appomattox triggered a wave of other surrenders throughout the South.
For additional art, click on Collections buttons for dropdown menus

010412-4-4-SC-mp-lagoon-CWmem

Middleton Place

thmb-010412-4-sc-lagoon

Henry Middleton was a signer to the Declaration of Independence, and his plantation became one of many along the Ashley River near Charleston, SC. Near the end of the Civil War, Union soldiers burned all but one of the plantation houses, and Middleton House was no exception. Here the lagoon bursts with colors at Easter. Today Middleton Place is a hotel and conference center. Whenever I am in the neighborhood, I try to spend the night. The rooms are comfortable and they also have a great restaurant.
For additional art, click on Collections buttons for dropdown menus

970105-1-1.-Rail-Stop-Catoctin-CWMem

Catoctin Furnace

thmb-970105-1-1-Rail-Stop-Catoctin

Ground Fog at Catoctin Furnace, with underground railroad house. During and prior to the Civil War, Catoctin Furnace was the place for large casts including the Monitor, cannon tubes, etc. The Furnace had a voracious appetite for wood, so there were no standing trees within 25 miles.
The Underground Railroad ran throughout the South, so this location would have been near the end of the line, with the Pennsylvania border being close by.
For additional art, click on Collections buttons for dropdown menus